The history of numerology is somewhat cloudy with no definite answer as to where it first originated. Egypt and Babylon are recognized as the earliest recorded history of numerology by the majority of numerologists. It was here that the Chaldean system was developed under the influence of the Hebrews. There is also evidence of the use of numerology thousands of years ago in China, Rome, Japan and Greece. The credit for modern numerology, however, is most often given to the Greek philosopher Pythagoras.
Pythagoras was born is Greece around 590 BC and was one of the best known philosophers of his day. If his name sounds familiar it is likely because you were taught his theories in high school geometry class. He was a very important figure in the development of mathematics, although little is known about his true achievements.
There is very little recorded of the early life of Pythagoras, but it has been reported that he was a very magnetic, attractive, charismatic person and that everyone loved him. He is also belived to have won prizes for his agility at the Olympic games.
When Pythagoras was around 50 years old he established a school that was sort of a secret society in Crotona, Italy. The society was called the semi-circle and there he taught Mathematics, Astronomy and Music. The society was open to both men and women. and it is said that his students were made to adhere to a strict code of secrecy and were not allowed to put any of his teachings in writing. It has also been reported that his students had to go through a 5 year period of perfect silence which allowed them to reach a level of deep contemplation and to develop faith. Most of the little that is known of what he taught was written down after his death.
Rather than focusing on solving mathematical problems like modern day mathemeticians, Pythagoras was primarily interested in the concepts or principles behind the mathematics. He felt that the entire universe could be expressed through numbers, and created a system for this that was then further expanded by other Greek philosophers. Although Pythagoras did not invent numerology, his theories took it to a different level which is why he is often credited with being the father of numerology.
Dr. Julia Stenton is credited both with raising awareness of Numerology in modern times in many parts of the world and with giving the name "Numerology" to the Science of Names and Numbers.
Though numerology is probably the least known or understood of the metaphysical sciences it is enjoying a resurgence in popularity. Today it is most often used to discover secret meanings and to predict the future.